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Algeria orders total shutdown of internet during high school exam period
In an effort to prevent students from cheating during exams, the Algerian government has ordered a complete, countrywide Internet shutdown for several hours each day this week while exams take place.

ABC reports: "For several hours each day, while students are taking end-of-year tests, all of Algeria will be shut off from the world wide web in an effort to prevent a repeat of widespread cheating in 2016, when the questions were leaked in advance...The Minister of Education, Nouria Beghanbrit, posted a message to students on her Facebook page before the service was suspended, encouraging students to 'reject all behaviors that would undermine their efforts for success.' In 2016, the final exam questions were leaked online before the test took place, putting the results of thousands in question. The government then tried to limit only social media sites in 2017 but found that cheating was still occurring. That prompted the crackdown this year."

You can see the shutdown documented on Oracle's Internet Intelligence Map here: https://map.internetintel.oracle.com/?root=national&country=DZ

Al Jazeera reports that Iraq will institute a similar ban over the next two weeks. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/06/algeria-iraq-shut-internet-prevent-exam-cheating-180621074343644.html

This isn't the first time a country has shut down the Internet during high school exams. Iraq has done it before, as have authorities in Syria, Uzbekistan, and parts of India.

https://dyn.com/blog/syria-goes-to-extremes-to-foil-cheaters/

https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2014/08/before-a-high-stakes-standardized-test-uzbekistan-shut-the-whole-countrys-internet-down/375556/

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/To-beat-exam-cheats-Gujarat-to-block-mobile-internet-today/articleshow/51173461.cms
otf  algeria  shutdown  access  mena  exams  school 
3 days ago by dmcdev
Pew Research: Social Media Use Continues to Rise in Developing Countries
A new Pew Research study finds that Internet and smartphone use are on the rise globally, with social media use in developing markets quickly approaching those of more developed countries. In fact, Pew's research found that "among people who use the internet, those in developing countries often turn out to be more likely than their counterparts in advanced economies to network via platforms like Facebook and Twitter." However, large gaps remain in terms of gender (men more likely than women to access the Internet), income, and age.

Other highlights: "There has been a steady increase in internet use over the past five years among the 19 emerging and developing economies surveyed. Between 2013 and 2014, a median of 42% across these countries said they accessed the internet at least occasionally or owned a smartphone. By 2017, a median of 64% were online...A similar story is seen in smartphone use. In 2013-14, about a quarter of people in emerging and developing economies reported owning a smartphone, i.e., a mobile phone that can access the internet and apps. By 2017, that share had risen to 42%...Despite growing internet use and smartphone ownership, the world remains digitally divided. It is still the case, for example, that people in wealthier countries have higher rates of internet use and smartphone ownership. However, among people who use the internet, those in developing countries often turn out to be more likely than their counterparts in advanced economies to network via platforms like Facebook and Twitter. Within countries, too, digital divides persist. Age, education, income and in some cases gender still differentiate who uses the internet and who does not, who is active on social media and who is inactive."

Access the full report (pdf) here. http://assets.pewresearch.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2018/06/15135408/Pew-Research-Center_Global-Tech-Social-Media-Use_2018.06.19.pdf
otf  social  connectivity  access  research 
4 days ago by dmcdev
Egyptian Parliament approves Cybercrime Law legalizing blocking of websites and full surveillance of Egyptians - @ousfourita
Access Now and the Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression (AFTE) are condemning Egypt's newly approved cybercrime law for its invasive privacy violations, including providing the government with new surveillance and censorship powers. The far-reaching law, approved by the country's parliament on June 5, includes 45 articles in total. Access and AFTE are calling for the law to be withdrawn. It still needs the president's signature to become official, but if that doesn't happen in 30 days, the law is automatically codified sans signature.

For Access, Wafa Ben-Hassine (formerly an OTF Information Controls fellow), writes: "This law legalizes broad censorship of the internet and enables executive authorities to block websites, a practice that Egyptian authorities have been employing since 24 May 2017. To date, the number of blocked sites in Egypt has reached at least 500. Article 7 of the Cybercrime Law gives the investigative authority the power to order a website blocked whenever it deems the content to constitute a crime or a threat to security, or a danger to national security or the economy...The reasons articulated in the Cybercrime Law for blocking websites are vague and broad...In addition to authorizing broad censorship, this law facilitates comprehensive surveillance of communications. Article 2 requires telecommunications companies to retain and store users’ data for 180 days...AFTE and Access Now stress our rejection of this large-scale, comprehensive collection of the personal data of citizens. Already, Egyptians are suffering from having to disclose their personal data in their normal daily practices."
otf  mena  egypt  law  policy  surveillance  censorship  access 
4 days ago by dmcdev
LegalZoom Offers Free Legal Service to Patients Rising Members. Just Don’t Call It Pro Bono. | Legaltech News
Online legal service provider LegalZoom has announced a partnership with non-profit patient advocacy organization Patients Rising whereby patients with life threatening diseases will get access to free legal, financial, insurance, and tax services. The offering will begin over the next few months.

Announced June 1, the partnership represents an expansion of LegalZoom’s Lifeplan service—an employee benefit product that connects users to legal, financial, tax and insurance advice—to also cover those that register through Patients Rising. Up until now, the product was solely offered to employers.
Patients Rising members will be able find, schedule and talk with attorneys and other professionals through the Lifeplan platform free of charge. However, Dave Freedman, general manager of LegalZoom Lifeplan, noted that the attorneys and other professionals will not technically be performing traditional pro-bono services. “They are part of the LegalZoom network and compensated through sort of our standard LegalZoom Lifeplan arrangement,” he said.

The advice Patients Rising members can access through Lifeplan is also not restricted solely to issues that pertain to their current health and financial situation. “We support them in their everyday life,” Freedman said.  Still, transactional services such as contract drafting are not offered free as part of the partnership, though they are discounted for Patients Rising members.
access  innovation 
4 days ago by JordanFurlong
On-Demand Legal Providers Want to Put State Battles Behind Them | Legaltech News
LegalZoom and Rocket Lawyer ultimately registered with the state, but Avvo sought to have the opinion reviewed. In June 2018, however, the New Jersey Supreme Court declined to weigh in.

But Avvo wasn’t waiting around for the State’s Supreme Court decision. Whether allowed in New Jersey or not, the on-demand legal service provider was aiming to reach more customers and position its company for further growth.

In January 2018,  Avvo agreed to be acquired by media and software services organization Internet Brands, a move that Avvo CEO Mark Britton said will help the company potentially evolve its on-demand service into new verticals. But make no mistake, Avvo is still firmly committed to serving the legal sector.

“Nothing ever really swayed us from our standalone path until Internet Brands,” Britton told Legaltech News. “They are different because they’ve got a real commitment to legal. They get legal. It’s hard to find people, investors, operating companies that get legal, that enjoy legal and are really focused on a mission of helping legal consumers and also helping lawyers.”

As Avvo sought to tie its future growth to another legal company, LegalZoom turned to broader types of legal consumers in a bid to secure theirs.
access  innovation 
4 days ago by JordanFurlong
Unlock your Android’s Potential – YellowAnt
Having an Android phone is great because the things we can do on it is virtually limitless. But manufacturers don’t provide updates for even their flagship products forever. So when you feel stuck…
android  rooted  intro  howto  root  access 
4 days ago by gilberto5757
Iran Telegram Ban Strangles Country Amid Struggling Economy, Protests
Iran's Telegram shutdown is costing the country jobs, income, and inspiring resentment among citizens, according to a new report by the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI). The report, "Closing of the Gates: Implications of Iran’s Ban on theTelegram Messaging App" (pdf), http://www.iranhumanrights.org/wp-content/uploads/Closing-the-gates-3-online.pdf discusses the ban on Telegram from the perspectives of "dozens of Iranians across the political spectrum," finds that the move to shutter Telegram "blocks the principal way Iranians access the internet," inspiring many to "continue to access the app through circumvention tools."

Access the report summary at the link above or the full 40-page report (pdf) here. https://www.iranhumanrights.org/wp-content/uploads/Closing-the-gates-3-online.pdf
otf  iran  mena  telegram  access  censorship  block 
5 days ago by dmcdev
Bending the Internet: Iran Brings Its Intranet Online
Iran's National Information Network (NIN) is essentially a domestic, Iran-only intranet - a project build around the Iranian government's desire to better control information access in the country, according to a new analysis from Starfor.

The article reads: "The network functions as a domestic intranet that hosts Iranian websites and services...To access it, users and website owners must sign up with the government, an arrangement that empowers Iranian officials to coerce internet service providers to comply with their demands. And because the NIN is linked to the global internet only at certain access points, Iranian authorities can sever the connection as they see fit without disturbing the domestic network. That means Iran's government can cut access to the global internet for prolonged periods, as it did during the Green Movement protests, without taking the entire country offline. With the NIN up and running, the Iranian government is now working on rolling out more homegrown apps like [Telegram replacement] Soroush to replace foreign platforms and services, though users so far have been hesitant to make the switch."

This article is the second in an ongoing five-part series called "Bending the Internet: How Governments Control the Flow of Information Online." Check more out here. https://worldview.stratfor.com/article/bending-internet-how-governments-control-flow-information-online
otf  iran  intranet  nin  mena  access 
5 days ago by dmcdev
Russia: World Cup 2018 exposes digital rights abuses
As the world tunes in to watch World Cup matches broadcast from host country Russia, Article 19 is bringing attention to the repressive digital rights situation in the country - home to "some of the most oppressive digital laws in the world," they say in a blog post. "Russia should not be allowed to ‘sportswash’ its appalling human rights record during the World Cup. It’s time for the international community, both governments and companies, to call on Russia to protect its citizens’ right to free speech," said Article 19 Executive Director Thomas Hughes.

Among the ways Russia is cracking down on Internet freedom:
- Website blocks: "As of June 2018, approximately 4.7 million IP addresses are currently illegally blocked, according to local Internet freedom organisations Roskomsvoboda (Source: https://reestr.rublacklist.net/visual/). As IP addresses are used to block access, this has led to the collateral blocking of many websites that share the same IP address."

- (Attempted) Telegram block: "The Russian Government is trying to block the messaging app Telegram after it refused to hand over keys that would decrypt encrypted messages. Telegram have argued that it is not technically possible for them to do this. In April, the Government requested a court order to block Telegram – a decision that was met by mass protests."

- Anonymity not allowed: "Since January 2018, messaging apps must identify users by their mobile phone numbers. It is necessary to produce a passport when buying a mobile sim card. This threatens the ability of Russians to communicate anonymously and is of particular concern to people for whom this is a lifeline – whether journalists, LGBTQi people, political activists or domestic abuse survivors."

- Data localization laws: "Russia’s local data localisation law requires the personal data of Russian citizens to be stored on database servers in Russia. If data was held by companies outside of Russia, they could refuse to hand it over but if it’s held in Russia, the security services can access it."
otf  russia  access  digitalrights 
6 days ago by dmcdev
Beijing Wants to Rewrite the Rules of the Internet
Under President Xi Jinping, China is seeking to establish an alternative to the global open Internet while simultaneously recruiting developing nations to adopt similar rules and regulations as they come online, writes Samm Sacks, a senior fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, for The Atlantic. China's "cyberspace sovereignty"model is one premised on domestic control, support for homegrown economic industries and companies, restrictions on information access, and far-reaching surveillance, with such policies impacting both users in-country and foreign companies seeking to do business in China.

Sacks writes: "As [China's] model spreads, whether through Beijing’s own efforts or through the model’s inherent appeal for certain developing countries with more similarities to China than the West, we cannot take for granted that the internet will remain a place of free expression where open markets can flourish...In addition to passing a major cybersecurity law, China has pushed through dozens of regulations and technical standards that, in conjunction, bolster the government’s control of and visibility into the entire internet ecosystem, from the infrastructure that undergirds the internet, to the flow of data, to the dissemination of information online, to the make-up of the software and hardware...Beijing wants not only to prevent the United States from interfering with its domestic cyber policies: It also wants to set the tone for how the rest of the world governs the internet...In 2015, for instance, China selected Tanzania (China is Tanzania’s largest trade partner) as a pilot country for China–Africa capacity-building, giving Beijing substantial influence over Tanzania’s government...China’s model appeals to these countries because it provides them with tools to take control of an open internet...The most alluring feature of the China model appears to be content control, as a broad range of China’s neighbors and partners engage in blocking, filtering, and manipulating internet content...The problem with China’s model is that it crashes headlong into the foundational principles of the internet in market-based democracies: online freedom, privacy, free international markets, and broad international cooperation."
otf  china  asia  gfw  censorship  access  export 
6 days ago by dmcdev
Blocking EC2 Metadata service from Docker containers in AWS | OpsTips
Check out how to make sure Docker containers running in AWS are unnable to access the EC2 metadata service.
block  ec2  aws  metadata  docker  networking  access  security  container 
7 days ago by eeichinger
Graphentechnologien in den Digitalen Geisteswissenschaften
Dieses Studienbuch führt in Graphentechnologien mit einem geisteswissenschaften Fokus ein. Es handelt sich momentan um eine Arbeitsfassung, die noch weiter entwickelt, ggf. umstrukturiert und ausgebaut wird. Für Rückmeldungen, Verbesserungen und Hinweise bin ich dankbar.
books  germany  graphs  networks  open  access  xml 
8 days ago by kintopp

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