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Disinformation, ‘fake news’ and influence campaigns on Twitter
THIS STUDY IS ONE OF THE LARGEST ANALYSES TO DATE ON HOW FAKE NEWS SPREAD ON TWITTER BOTH DURING AND AFTER THE 2016 ELECTION CAMPAIGN.
Using tools and mapping methods from Graphika, a social media int­elligence firm, we study more than 10 million tweets from 700,000 Twitter accounts that linked to more than 600 fake and conspiracy news outlets. Crucially, we study fake and conspiracy news both before and after the election, allowing us to measure how the fake news ecosystem has evolved since November 2016.
russia  propaganda  gov2.0  politics  twitter  fake_news  election 
4 days ago by rgl7194
Media Smarts: Key Concepts of Digital Literacy | National Association for Media Literacy Education
NAMLE has had the opportunity to interview Media Smarts for our organizational partner spotlight. Below you will find information on their recent project Digital Literacy 101. 
When did your organization launch and why?
MediaSmarts (originally known as Media Awareness Network) came out of an initiative launched by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) in the early 1990s. Originally conceived of as a clearinghouse for media literacy teaching resources, we quickly began developing our own material for both teachers and parents as well as conducting original research.
digital  literacy  media  101  social_media  search  news  fake_news  propaganda 
6 days ago by rgl7194
Don’t feed the Kremlin’s trolls!
Old tropes about American hegemony, Western neo-colonialism, and hypocrisy appear constantly on Kremlin-friendly outlets in Romania (such as Sputnik and other fringe websites and blogs) and on Facebook. But internal political dynamics and polarization have helped push some of these narratives into mainstream public debate. This feeds directly into the Kremlin’s opportunistic approach to disinformation and allows it to prey on existing tensions in Romanian society.
In the past few months, Romanian public debate has been roiled by political scandals (mostly related to proposed changes to criminal laws) and anti-government protests, the latest of which, on 10 August, was violently suppressed by riot police overreacting to some aggressive protesters. Pro-Kremlin online outlets have kept up with the internal debates and generally advance any narrative that is likely to denigrate Romania’s Western partners, its civil society activists, or its anti-corruption efforts.
russia  social_media  troll  propaganda  fake_news  politics 
8 days ago by rgl7194
Fear and hatred: how propaganda persuades with emotion
As Russian propaganda and disinformation spread around the world, more and more initiatives  are being created to expose the lies and distortions emanating from the Kremlin: projects to expose fake news, analytical centres that review and monitor disinformation campaigns, and many private initiatives to observe Russian media. However, experts increasingly acknowledge that despite all these efforts, Kremlin propaganda remains a very effective tool of information warfare – much more effective than its Soviet predecessor.
In many respects, this difference is explained by the fact that, unlike Communist propaganda, today’s Kremlin’s ‘information operations’ do not need to adhere to a specific ideology. Modern Russian propaganda, unlike Marxism-Leninism, does not have to maintain logical consistency, and is in fact often internally contradictory. To create and maintain momentum, it uses images and the feelings created by images which are so provocative that they affect people much more than rational arguments. Russian propaganda does not create a system of views, but it appeals directly to emotions, instincts, reflexes and passions, the intertwining of which leads to the desired result for the Kremlin.
The problem in combating this disinformation is that it is almost impossible to argue with emotions. A coherent system of views can be refuted, ideological errors can easily be debunked by comparing them with the truth. But emotions are another matter. They flatter the human subconscious, respond to people’s deep instincts, immerse them in a world that is convenient and comfortable for them and can cause addiction, in some ways reminiscent of narcotics. People who are immersed in these emotions and inspired by propaganda images often simply do not want to know the truth, not wanting to go beyond their own imaginary world into the realm of dry and uncomfortable rationality. It’s interesting that propaganda used by populists and extremists in Europe and the United States by plays to similar emotions and instincts and uses similar images. Let’s try to highlight what these emotions are and how they are being used.
propaganda  russia  politics  hate  fake_news 
8 days ago by rgl7194
Safari suggested search results have been promoting conspiracy theories - The Verge
Et tu, Siri?
Safari’s Siri Suggested Websites search results have been recommending a litany of low-quality and conspiratorial websites, a report from Buzzfeed has revealed. Siri Suggested results are a means of linking Safari users directly to relevant websites directly from the search bar rather than needing to load the results in a web page first.
The suggestions, highlighted at the top of the search bar, include a holocaust denial website, a Pizzagate conspiracy video, and an anti-vaccination website. Apple removed each of the misleading results shortly after the report surfaced.
A search for “Pizzagate,” for example, caused Siri to suggest a conspiratorial YouTube video from David Seaman, who had his account suspended back in February 2018 for violating the platform’s terms of services. Meanwhile, searching for “the holocaust didn’t happen” causes Siri to suggest visiting a Holocaust denial website.
safari  siri  search  quality  fake_news 
14 days ago by rgl7194
No, the OK Hand 👌 is not a symbol of white power
Despite another round of viral reports alleging the contrary, the OK gesture is not a racist symbol of white power—nor is its emoji form, 👌 OK Hand. Let’s clarify what the 👌 OK Hand emoji is and is not, and how it became falsely associated with white supremacy.
Meaning and Use
Called OK Hand Sign by the Unicode Standard, 👌 OK Hand was approved as part of Unicode 6.0 in 2010.
Major vendors display the emoji as a right hand making the OK gesture, in which the thumb and index finger touch in a ring with the remaining digits held upright. While the emoji defaults as yellow, modifiers are available to alter its skin tone.
Above (left to right): How the OK Hand emoji displays on Apple, Google, and Samsung.
True to its name, 👌 OK Hand is used to convey the many sentiments of the word OK and its gesture, including acceptance, agreement, approval, assent, likability, satisfaction, and wellness, among others.
emoji  unicode  fake_news  racism  KKK  factcheck 
14 days ago by rgl7194
Phones are boring, so now we're making up conspiracy theories about them
"For those of us living in reality, this is all rather strange. But I would argue it is all highly symptomatic of the world we live in today. A world where distrust of Big Media is a popular theme, and insurgent voices have appeal not because they offer us a more believable interpretation of reality, but one we find more palatable. I won't edge into topics that are inappropriate for this venue, but I do want to be clear this is an edge that cuts both ways, and that there is nothing political about phone rumors: merely that the same forces are at work here that manifest in other spheres of our society and culture."
fake_news  internet  culture  tech  gadgets  google 
4 weeks ago by yorickdupon
Ryff Launch Video - YouTube
Une technologie pour intégrer à la volée en post-prod du placement de produit. Intérêt : adapté le placement aux pays, aux segments d'audience, ou au dernier changement de packaging. Pouvoir vendre le placement de produits à deux annonceurs différents selon leur cible.
advertising  ads  video  propaganda  fake_news 
4 weeks ago by gui11aume
Journalism, ‘fake news’ and disinformation: A handbook for journalism education and training
This new publication by UNESCO is a timely resource and highly topical subject for all those who practice or teach journalism in this Digital Age.
By UNESCO
Developments in the last few years have placed journalism under fire. A range of factors are transforming the communications landscape, raising questions about the quality, impact and credibility of journalism. At the same time, orchestrated campaigns are spreading untruths – disinformation, mal-information and misinformation – that are often unwittingly shared on social media:
Disinformation: Information that is false and deliberately created to harm a person, social group, organisation or country
Misinformation: Information that is false but not created with the intention of causing harm
Mal-information: Information that is based on reality, used to inflict harm on a person, social group, organisation or country.
Written by experts in the fight against disinformation, this handbook explores the very nature of journalism with modules on why trust matters; thinking critically about how digital technology and social platforms are conduits of the information disorder; fighting back against disinformation and misinformation through media and information literacy; fact-checking 101; social media verification and combatting online abuse.
propaganda  fake_news  social_media  media  literacy 
4 weeks ago by rgl7194
Moscow’s Mouthpieces
Skype logs and other documents obtained by Re:Baltica, Postimees and Buzzfeed offer a rare glimpse into the inner workings of the Kremlin’s propaganda machine.
The Russian government via companies in Serbia and Cyprus discreetly funded a group of seemingly independent news websites in Eastern Europe to pump out stories dictated to them by the Kremlin, BuzzFeed News and its reporting partners can reveal.
Russian state media created secret companies in order to bankroll websites in the Baltic states — a key battleground between Russia and the West — and elsewhere in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.
The scheme has only come to light through Skype chats and documents obtained by BuzzFeed News, Estonian newspaper Postimees, and investigative journalism outlet Re:Baltica via freedom of information laws, as part of a criminal probe into the individual who was Moscow’s man on the ground in Estonia.
The Skype logs and other files, obtained from computers seized by investigators, reveal the secrets and obfuscating tactics used by Russia as it tries to influence public opinion and push Kremlin talking points.
The websites presented themselves as independent news outlets, but in fact editorial lines were dictated directly by Moscow.
russia  propaganda  europe  social_media  messaging  news  fake_news  web  money 
4 weeks ago by rgl7194
Figure of the Week: 50
French government think tanks have issued 50 recommendations to combat “information manipulations.”
The recommendations are part of an exhaustive new study published by the Centre for Analysis, Planning and Strategy (CAPS) — attached to the ministry of foreign affairs — and the Institute for Strategic Research of the Military School (IRSEM) — attached to the ministry of the armed forces.
The study focuses chiefly on the Kremlin’s disinformation efforts, although it also details disinformation campaigns conducted by China and the Gulf States.
It warns that information manipulation, defined as “the intentional and massive distribution of false or biased news for hostile political purposes,” aims to “undermine the foundations of our democracy” and thereby constitute a threat to national security.
Its recommendations are addressed to governments, civil society, private actors, and the general public.
media  literacy  europe  russia  propaganda  fake_news  politics  gov2.0 
4 weeks ago by rgl7194
The anatomy of fake news: Rise of the bots - Help Net Security
Spreading misinformation has become a mainstream topic to the extent that even the term ‘Twitter bot’ is a well-recognised term establishing itself into the modern lexicon. Whilst the term is well known, it can be argued that the development and inner workings of Twitter bots are less well understood.
Indeed, even identifying accounts that are attributed to being a bot is considerably more difficult, and with good reason since their objective to appear as legitimate interactions require constant refinement. This continuous innovation from botnet operators are necessary as social media companies get better at identifying automated accounts.
A recent study conducted by SafeGuard Cyber analysed the impact and techniques leveraged by such bots, and in particular looked at bots attributed to Russian disinformation campaigns on Twitter. The concept of bot armies is challenged in the research, of the 320,000 accounts identified the bots were divided into thematic categories presenting both sides of the story.
security  privacy  fake_news  propaganda  social_media  russia  bots 
4 weeks ago by rgl7194
UK’s Skripal evidence obliterates hollow Russian propaganda
The morning after the OPCW confirmed that Dawn Sturgess and Charlie Rowley had been poisoned by novichok in the aftermath of the attack on Sergei and Yulia Skripal, Britain’s Metropolitan Police issued a bombshell statement with the first details about the two Russian suspects in the case, who went by the pseudonyms Alexander Petrov and Ruslan Boshirov. The Crown Prosecution Service said it has enough evidence to charge the men with attempted murder. The announcement was followed by a statement in parliament by Prime Minister Theresa May accusing Russia’s GRU military intelligence agency of committing the crime, and strong comments from MPs of all parties pointing the finger at Vladimir Putin and condemning Russia’s lies.
“There’s been an elaborate fake news operation run from the Russian embassy,” Salisbury MP John Glen told the BBC on September 4, the day before the suspects were named. “Over the past few months, a web of false information has been spun, seeking to absolve the Russian government and muddy the waters of the investigation. But these attempts have not distracted the police from seeking the truth,” he tweeted the following day.
uk  russia  crime  propaganda  gov2.0  police  fake_news 
5 weeks ago by rgl7194

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