Civilization   2483

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Trickster - Mythological Intelligent Character in Folklore |
For as long as civilization has tried to impose order on its subjects, Tricksters have been thumbing their nose at the rules. These sly characters always find a way to take authority figures down a peg and turn social norms on their head. At the end of the day, they give us more than just a good laugh; they also nudge us towards a re-evaluation of everything we hold true.

What is a Trickster?

A Trickster is a character who uses wits, rather than strength or authority, to accomplish his goals. Like heroes, Tricksters usually come out of their adventures unscathed, having won the prize they desired and upset the regular social order in a way that will cause lasting effects for the people around them. Unlike heroes, Tricksters are usually morally questionable. They may lie, cheat, or steal to get what they want, and their ends don’t justify their means. These slippery characters don’t set out to save the world. They set out to get what they want.
myth  mythology  philosophy  Religion  honors  civilization  Trump  criminal 
12 days ago by Jibarosoy
Freeciv-web - open source turn-based strategy game
Freeciv is a Free and Open Source empire-building strategy game inspired by the history of human civilization. The game commences in prehistory and your mission is to lead your tribe from the Stone Age to the Space Age. Freeciv can be played online in your web-browser for free.
games  opensource  web  civilization  strategy  4x 
24 days ago by awhite
Isotrident - an epic turn-based strategy game
Battle for Planet Isotrident is an epic empire-building strategy game inspired by the history of human civilization. The game commences in prehistory and your mission is to lead your tribe from the Stone Age to the Space Age. Isotrident can be played online in your web-browser for free.
Join Freeciv-web: One Turn per Day game IX
Game IX has started and you can join it now! Each player will play one turn every day.

This will be one of the greatest ever multiplayer game of Freeciv with 150 players on 30000 map tiles!
Join the LongTurn Web IX here!
online  civilization  web  game  strategy 
24 days ago by awhite
GitHub - Venerons/CivJS: A JavaScript 4X Game
CivJS is an HTML5, CSS3 and JavaScript game inspired by the Sid Meier's Civilization game series.

It implements similar but simpler rules, and thanks to the web technologies is available to almost any modern OS.
browser  javascript  civilization  strategy  4x 
24 days ago by awhite
Freedomain Radio -- #4176: Church and State - Call In Show - August 22 2018 (MP3)
"I see the comments on repeal the 19th [amendment] and the men who say you've just got to take away women's rights and everything will be fine; I don't think that's true or fair or valid or universally-applicable or moral. But I will say this: Men got the vote because they were drafted into war, that's what men had to pay to get the vote. Women got the vote because they complained and men are nice. And what did women have to pay to get the vote? When women got the vote, in general, they voted for big government programmes because for various biological and psychology reasons women generally prefer security to freedom. Freedom benefits men because it allows them to compete and get more resources, but security benefits women because you have to feed your children everyday. So what was the bug sacrifice that women made to get the vote? Men had war which was a huge sacrifice. What sacrifice did women have to take on to get the vote? I would argue that the sacrifice that women have to take to keep the vote is giving up the welfare state, and giving up old age pensions, and giving up free healthcare. That is what they're going to be drafted in if our civilization is to survive, because women's addiction to free stuff is drawing every other culture and race across the known universe into Western countries... Women are going to have to give up the welfare state in order to save their societies. No one is telling the truth about this to women because most people are scared of women... But women are going to have to give up all of this free stuff is there is to be any chance for our society to continue. Women are also going to have to give up this fantasy that you can have this wonderful education and career and then just somehow magically just have a great guy in your thirties and have loads of babies. You can't. You can't. And so you can educate women into a career when they're young or you can have a civilization, but you can't have both because there's just not enough babies. So women are going to have to start having kids, they're going to have to start liking men, and they're going to have to give up free stuff from the government. And that's the's a lot better than war, it's a lot easier than war, it's a lot safer than war. The question is: Will women do it? And I fear that the answer is no which means that the fate of our civilization is sealed. England is going to be majority Muslim in a generation or two according to current birthrates. Do you think that the Muslims are going to be really keen on women having their feminism and have their preferential advantages in the workplace? ... Get it through your heads, you're not going to keep this stuff – it's a delusion, it's a fantasy – it's never going to last. It's either going to stop because you stop it or because Sharia is going to stop it – or because everyone runs out of money, in which case it's civil war."
civilization  men  women  statism  welfare  conquest  collapse  StefanMolyneux 
25 days ago by adamcrowe
Dover Beach by Matthew Arnold | Poetry Foundation
The Sea of Faith
Was once, too, at the full, and round earth’s shore
Lay like the folds of a bright girdle furled.
But now I only hear
Its melancholy, long, withdrawing roar,
Retreating, to the breath
Of the night-wind, down the vast edges drear
And naked shingles of the world.

Ah, love, let us be true
To one another! for the world, which seems
To lie before us like a land of dreams,
So various, so beautiful, so new,
Hath really neither joy, nor love, nor light,
Nor certitude, nor peace, nor help for pain;
And we are here as on a darkling plain
Swept with confused alarms of struggle and flight,
Where ignorant armies clash by night.
org:junk  poetry  literature  old-anglo  reflection  fluid  oceans  analogy  reason  theos  nihil  meaningness  love-hate  peace-violence  order-disorder  religion  christianity  britain  anglo  europe  gallic  the-great-west-whale  occident  malaise  war  civilization  pessimism 
28 days ago by nhaliday
Blogging with Tenure
One of the things I always loved about teaching in the sequence when it was "WesternCiv" and continue to love now that it is "EuroCiv" is that it forces me out of my research specialty into the larger arguments about what the tradition which I study means.

Cf. the above against not teaching in just your specialty in Math.

"What, then, was I to do with my (say it with a sneer, maybe even spit), privilege? I'll tell you: take the risk. Take the risk of being hated, shunned, sneered at, derided by all of my colleagues, ostracized by my peers, excommunicated from polite society, yes, even cursed. Because that, my friends, is surely the point of tenure, otherwise I am dirt.

*Also, just by the by, this is surely the whole point of keeping a blog, the single most democratic form of publishing ever: IT IS NOT PEER REVIEWED. I started it because I wanted to be able to say the things that I could not say as a scholar, but needed to say as a Christian, a fencer, a writer, and (as I now see it) a citizen. I describe myself (now, again, not in the original edition of the blog) on the banner as a "medievalist" simply to signal where I am coming from with my observations about "the postmodern West."

Some nice ideas of why one can or should blog.
rachel.fulton  west  civilization  blogging  tenure 
4 weeks ago by mpcasey
Hunter-Gatherers (Foragers)
Most cross-cultural research aims to understand shared traits among hunter-gatherers and how and why they vary. Here we look at the conclusions of cross-cultural studies that ask: What are recent hunter-gatherers generally like? How do they differ from food producers? How and why do hunter-gatherers vary?
honors  state  SON  Power_materials  civilization  Violence_y_Power  Leadership 
5 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
Human Natural History
Thus, humans were hunters and gatherers for by far the largest fraction of human evolutionary history. However, the development of the technology was relatively slow until about an accelera- tion in evolutionary developments began about 100,000 years ago. During the early Pleis- tocene (ca. 2 million to 1 million years ago) hominids were restricted to Africa. After about 1 million years ago Homo erectus type hominids with a kit of stone tools called the Achue- lean industry, spread to most of warm and temperate Eurasia. About 100,000 years ago more sophisticated industries appeared, along with Neanderthal hominids and their rela- tives. These people penetrated into quite cold environments. Although ancient hominids hunted or scavenged animals and gathered plant resources, we do not know very precisely what their lifeways were like. Neanderthals, and other relatively recent but archaic homi- nids, had brains as big as ours but very robust skeletons and a considerably different stone tool technology than later anatomically modern humans.
honors  SON  state  civilization  Power_materials  Violence_y_Power  Food  Pol.11 
5 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
Why a leading political theorist thinks civilization is overrated - Vox
Is civilization good for us? Has it made us any happier?
The takeaway from a new book by James Scott, a professor of political science and anthropology at Yale University, is that the answer to the first question is yes but it’s complicated, while the answer to the second question is, well, even more complicated.

In Against the Grain: A Deep History of the Earliest States, Scott explores why human beings decided to shift from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to a more sedentary, agrarian lifestyle roughly 12,000 years ago. The accepted narrative is that humans abandoned hunting and gathering as soon they discovered agricultural technology, because it made life easier and safer.
honors  state  SON  civilization  Power_materials  Violence_y_Power  Leadership  teaching_pol_theory 
5 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
The Wisdom Of Crowds--In Ancient Greece
How did Athenians do that much better than more hierarchical and authoritarian rivals in Sparta and elsewhere? Ober provides a good review of how 8,000 Athenians met about twice a month to opine, jeer and debate public policy in a no-holds-barred, open-air assembly. Decrees and public actions were publicly posted. Popular courts involved thousands in the minutiae of civil and criminal cases. Hundreds of offices were filled by random lot. That ensured that even the poor exercised some responsibility. Majestic public architecture at Athens facilitated the physical challenges involved in a mass exchange of ideas. Frequent festivals and dramatic presentations ensured collective familiarly with a common Athenian mythology and ethos.

As proof of all this, Ober also demonstrates well that the city of Athens and its surrounding territory of Attica only became truly superior to most other city-states during the two-century life of democracy in the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. This period after Cleisthenes brought unusual prosperity and success compared to the oligarchy and tyranny that had came before--and would reappear afterward in the guise of Macedonian and then Roman subjugation of Athens. The sheer number of informed citizens also explains why classical Athenian culture often surpassed that of other city-states such as non-democratic Corinth, Thebes and Sparta. Such oligarchies may have had as many natural resources and as large a population, but often lacked Athens' unique political advantages.
honors  teaching_pol_theory  democracy  SON  state  Power_materials  political_theory  civilization 
5 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
An adaptability limit to climate change due to heat stress
Despite the uncertainty in future climate-change impacts, it is often assumed that humans would be able to adapt to any possible warming. Here we argue that heat stress imposes a robust upper limit to such adaptation. Peak heat stress, quantified by the wet-bulb temperature TW, is surprisingly similar across diverse climates today. TW never exceeds 31 °C. Any exceedence of 35 °C for extended periods should induce hyperthermia in humans and other mammals, as dissipation of metabolic heat becomes impossible. While this never happens now, it would begin to occur with global-mean warming of about 7 °C, calling the habitability of some regions into question. With 11–12 °C warming, such regions would spread to encompass the majority of the human population as currently distributed. Eventual warmings of 12 °C are possible from fossil fuel burning. One implication is that recent estimates of the costs of unmitigated climate change are too low unless the range of possible warming can somehow be narrowed. Heat stress also may help explain trends in the mammalian fossil record.

Trajectories of the Earth System in the Anthropocene:
We explore the risk that self-reinforcing feedbacks could push the Earth System toward a planetary threshold that, if crossed, could prevent stabilization of the climate at intermediate temperature rises and cause continued warming on a “Hothouse Earth” pathway even as human emissions are reduced. Crossing the threshold would lead to a much higher global average temperature than any interglacial in the past 1.2 million years and to sea levels significantly higher than at any time in the Holocene. We examine the evidence that such a threshold might exist and where it might be.
study  org:nat  environment  climate-change  humanity  existence  risk  futurism  estimate  physics  thermo  prediction  temperature  nature  walls  civilization  flexibility  rigidity  embodied  multi  manifolds  plots  equilibrium  phase-transition  oscillation  comparison  complex-systems  earth 
6 weeks ago by nhaliday
The Economic Rise and Political Fall of Classical Greece
The following two chapters are adapted from a book in progress that pulls together some work I have been doing on classical Greek political thought and practice over the last 30 years, and sets it within an economic framework defined by “New Institutional Economics.” The book documents and explains the economic development of the Greek world in 800-300 BCE. This was a period of intense and sustained efflorescence, as the term is used by Jack Goldstone (2002): a extended period of intensive (per capita) and extensive (demographic) growth, accompanied by a sharp uptick in cultural achievement. Efflorescence is characterized by more people living at a higher level of welfare and by more culture at a higher level. Some of the evidence that the period 800-300 was an era of exceptional efflorescence, and a hypothetical explanation for that efflorescence was offered in Ober 2010. In a nutshell, the argument is that (1) this era saw unusually high levels (by premodern standards) of both demographic and per capita income growth, (2) Greek economic development was driven by political development. In the book I add (3) political development led to political fall -- i.e. the loss of independence of the Greek city- states to Macedonian and then Roman imperial states. Explaining why and how the Greek ecology of small states got so relatively wealthy and for so long seems particularly important insofar as Hellas is an exceptionally well documented and extensive small state ecology – and thus offers a counterpoint to recent work done on ancient empires
honors  civilization  inequality  teaching_pol_theory  political_theory  state  democracy  Power_materials 
7 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
A Discussion of Josiah Ober's The Rise and Fall of Classical Greece | Political Science Now
Ancient Greece has long exercised a powerful hold on the imagination of modern political science. But until fairly recently, this influence has largely been philosophical, related to the origins of many theoretical concepts—including the concept of politics itself—in the ancient world. In The Rise and Fall of Classical Greece, Josiah Ober offers a synoptic and ambitious social theoretical account of the ancient Greek world, the sources of its power, the causes of its decline, and the lessons that can be drawn from this story for contemporary social and political science. We have thus invited a range of political scientists to comment on Ober’s account of classical Greece and its relevance to contemporary political inquiry.
honors  civilization  state  democracy  teaching_pol_theory  political_theory  inequality 
7 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
Josiah Ober | Economic Lessons From Ancient Greece | Foreign Affairs
Among the remarkable features of the ancient economy of democratic Athens was the relatively low level of income inequality. Athens was home to many foreign “guest workers” and Athenians employed large numbers of slaves. But even taking slaves and foreigners into account, the distribution of Athenian income was much less unequal than in most premodern societies. Athenian wages for non-skilled laborers were high—comparable to the wages being paid in the most advanced economy of early modern Europe, Holland during its seventeenth century Golden Age. Athens’ Inequality Extraction Ratio, a measure based on estimating the maximum feasible level of inequality for a given society, devised by a team led by Branko Milanovic (former lead research economist at the World Bank), is lower than that for any other premodern economy for which data is available. Although we do not have data to measure the Inequality Extraction Ratio for other ancient Greek states, nutritional evidence gleaned from the scientific study of bones and studies of comparative house sizes are consistent with a historically low level of inequality. As Milanovic and other economists have long pointed out, there is a strong correlation between relatively low inequality and robust and sustained economic growth. 
civilization  state  honors  teaching_pol_theory  political_theory  inequality  reasoning  democracy 
7 weeks ago by Jibarosoy

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