Astrobiology   636

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This is where the real ✨magic✨ happens! (Turning lab work into papers!)
astrobiology  internabby  from twitter_favs
5 weeks ago by jeffharbert
Was There a Civilization On Earth Before Humans? - The Atlantic
It’s not often that you write a paper proposing a hypothesis that you don’t support. Gavin and I don’t believe the Earth once hosted a 50-million-year-old Paleocene civilization. But by asking if we could “see” truly ancient industrial civilizations, we were forced to ask about the generic kinds of impacts any civilization might have on a planet.
science  civilization  archaeology  history  Astrobiology  geology  anthropocene 
12 weeks ago by kybernetikos
Paucity of phosphorus hints at precarious path for extraterrestrial life
She explains: "Phosphorus is one of just six chemical elements on which Earth organisms depend, and it is crucial to the compound adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which cells use to store and transfer energy. Astronomers have just started to pay attention to the cosmic origins of phosphorus and found quite a few surprises. In particular, P is created in supernovae -- the explosions of massive stars -- but the amounts seen so far don't match our computer models. I wondered what the implications were for life on other planets if unpredictable amounts of P are spat out into space and later used in the construction of new planets."
astronomy  phosphorus  astrobiology 
april 2018 by zzkt
SOLID | Life detection by CAB
SOLID (Signs Of LIfe Detector) is an antibody microarray-based instrument, designed and built for the detection and identification of microbes and biochemical compounds by in situ analysis of solid (soil, ground rocks or ice) and liquid samples Parro et al., 2005; 2008; 2011). Our system includes all the mechanisms, detectors and electronics needed to automatically operate and collect results. Current version (SOLID 3.1) is a portable field tested instrument that can use either sandwich or competitive immunoassays. SOLID3.1 can detect bacteria and large molecular weight compounds (mostly biological polymers such as proteins, polysaccharides, nucleic acids) from the environment as well as small molecular weight compounds. The core of SOLID is an antibody microarray biosensor, the so called LDChip (Life Detector Chip), capable of allocate up to 500 different antibodies to detect similar number of potential targets. Current version is LDChip451, which contains more than 450 antibodies to bacterial and archaeal strains, crude natural polymeric extracts, proteins, polysaccharides, nucleic acids, and small molecules such as aminoacids, or polyaromatic hydrocarbons.
planetary  science  astrobiology  instrument 
april 2018 by soto97
[astro-ph/0205014] Does the rapid appearance of life on Earth suggest that life is common in the Universe?
It is sometimes assumed that the rapidity of biogenesis on Earth suggests that life is common in the Universe. Here we critically examine the assumptions inherent in this if-life-evolved-rapidly-life-must-be-common argument. We use the observational constraints on the rapidity of biogenesis on Earth to infer the probability of biogenesis on terrestrial planets with the same unknown probability of biogenesis as the Earth. We find that on such planets, older than ~ 1 Gyr, the probability of biogenesis is > 13% at the 95% confidence level. This quantifies an important term in the Drake Equation but does not necessarily mean that life is common in the Universe.
march 2018 by tonyyet
Emission Spectra of the Elements – Field Tested Systems
Great for a high school science project or the scientifically or artistically curious adult. Getting started is easy. The grating is $195.  The software comes free with our RSpec Explorer spectrometer and is $99 by itself. (Optionally, our $39.95 AD-58 thread adapter adapts your camera’s lens cap threads.)
Science  astronomy  astrophysics  astrobiology  photography  chemistry  physics  grade_A  wishlist 
march 2018 by Marcellus

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