20th_century   276

« earlier    

Drèze, J. and Sen, A.: An Uncertain Glory: India and its Contradictions. (eBook, Paperback and Hardcover)
When India became independent in 1947 after two centuries of colonial rule, it immediately adopted a firmly democratic political system, with multiple parties, freedom of speech, and extensive political rights. The famines of the British era disappeared, and steady economic growth replaced the economic stagnation of the Raj. The growth of the Indian economy quickened further over the last three decades and became the second fastest among large economies. Despite a recent dip, it is still one of the highest in the world.

Maintaining rapid as well as environmentally sustainable growth remains an important and achievable goal for India. In An Uncertain Glory, two of India's leading economists argue that the country's main problems lie in the lack of attention paid to the essential needs of the people, especially of the poor, and often of women. There have been major failures both to foster participatory growth and to make good use of the public resources generated by economic growth to enhance people's living conditions. There is also a continued inadequacy of social services such as schooling and medical care as well as of physical services such as safe water, electricity, drainage, transportation, and sanitation. In the long run, even the feasibility of high economic growth is threatened by the underdevelopment of social and physical infrastructure and the neglect of human capabilities, in contrast with the Asian approach of simultaneous pursuit of economic growth and human development, as pioneered by Japan, South Korea, and China.

In a democratic system, which India has great reason to value, addressing these failures requires not only significant policy rethinking by the government, but also a clearer public understanding of the abysmal extent of social and economic deprivations in the country. The deep inequalities in Indian society tend to constrict public discussion, confining it largely to the lives and concerns of the relatively affluent. Drèze and Sen present a powerful analysis of these deprivations and inequalities as well as the possibility of change through democratic practice
democracy  india  development_economics  welfare  policy  critique  economic_history  20th_century  book 
29 days ago by rvenkat
Young Radicals by Jeremy McCarter | PenguinRandomHouse.com
Where do we find our ideals? What does it mean to live for them—and to risk dying for them? For Americans during World War I, these weren’t abstract questions. Young Radicals tells the story of five activists, intellectuals and troublemakers who agitated for freedom and equality in the hopeful years before the war, then fought to defend those values in a country pitching into violence and chaos.

Based on six years of extensive archival research, Jeremy McCarter’s dramatic narrative brings to life the exploits of Randolph Bourne, the bold social critic who strove for a dream of America that was decades ahead of its time; Max Eastman, the charismatic poet-propagandist of Greenwich Village, whose magazine The Masses fought the government for the right to oppose the war; Walter Lippmann, a boy wonder of socialism who forged a new path to seize new opportunities; Alice Paul, a suffragist leader who risked everything to win women the right to vote; and John Reed, the swashbuckling journalist and impresario who was an eyewitness to—and a key player in—the Russian Revolution.

Each of these figures sensed a moment of unprecedented promise for American life—politically, socially, culturally—and struggled to bring it about, only to see a cataclysmic war and reactionary fervor sweep it away. A century later, we are still fighting for the ideals these five championed: peace, women’s rights, economic equality, freedom of speech—all aspects of a vibrant American democracy. The story of their struggles brings new light and fresh inspiration to our own.
book  socialism  liberalism  20th_century  united_states_of_america  cultural_history 
8 weeks ago by rvenkat
Inside Every Utopia Is a Dystopia | Boston Review
Review of a new biography of Norman Bel Geddes, a theatre designer-turned-furturist who created the Futurama pavilion for GM at the 1939 World's Fair in NYC.
futurism  utopia  technology  20th_century  science  science_fiction  design  designers 
april 2017 by johnmfrench
We Are All Very Anxious | We are Plan C
"When misery stopped working as a control strategy, capitalism switched to boredom."
"There has been a partial recuperation of the struggle against boredom. Capitalism pursued the exodus into spaces beyond work, creating the social factory – a field in which the whole society is organised like a workplace. Precarity is used to force people back to work within an expanded field of labour now including the whole of the social factory."
"Today’s public secret is that everyone is anxious. Anxiety has spread from its previous localised locations (such as sexuality) to the whole of the social field. All forms of intensity, self-expression, emotional connection, immediacy, and enjoyment are now laced with anxiety. It has become the linchpin of subordination."
"Our success in this performance in turn affects everything from our ability to access human warmth to our ability to access means of subsistence, not just in the form of the wage but also in the form of credit. Outsides to the field of mediatised surveillance are increasingly closed off, as public space is bureaucratised and privatised, and a widening range of human activity is criminalised on the grounds of risk, security, nuisance, quality of life, or anti-social behaviour.

"In this increasingly securitised and visible field, we are commanded to communicate. The incommunicable is excluded."
"We’ve noticed a certain tendency for insurrectionists to refuse to take seriously the existence of psychological barriers to militant action. Their response tends to be, 'Just do it!' But anxiety is a real, material force – not simply a spook. To be sure, its sources are often rooted in spooks, but the question of overcoming the grip of a spook is rarely as simple as consciously rejecting it."
weareplanc.org  plan_c  capitalism  anxiety  system  control  misery  boredom  19th_century  20th_century  history  organization  strategy  secret  society  social_change  resist  1960s  protest  culture  work  employment  surveillance  consumerism  social_media  japan  u.k.  repression  regulation  war  parenting  poverty  theory  public  punishment  fear  compliance  situationist  action  activism  anger  power  revolution  tip  psychology  depression  apathy  BenCarson 
april 2017 by cluebucket
Fannie Lou Hamer - Wikipedia
"Sometimes it seem like to tell the truth today is to run the risk of being killed. But if I fall, I'll fall five feet four inches forward in the fight for freedom. I'm not backing off"
black_history  people  american_history  20th_century 
march 2017 by rvenkat
Revenge of the Lunch Lady - The Huffington Post
"In 2014, now-House Speaker Paul Ryan said that public assistance, including school lunch, offered a “full stomach and an empty soul” because it made kids reliant on government handouts. With the party now in control of Congress and the White House—and with Michelle Obama, the program’s greatest defender, gone—school lunch is as vulnerable as it’s ever been."

paul ryan needs to have food taken away from him
west_virginia  school  food  education  government  rhonda_mccoy  jamie_oliver  poverty  agriculture  USDA  america  pizza  jane_black  20th_century  congress  hunger  welfare  ronald_reagan  republican  history  health  2017  2010  1980  1968  1946  regulation  budget  michelle_obama  paul_ryan  todd_rokita  conservative  free  CEP  change  money  organic  work  potato  soda  nutrition  success 
february 2017 by cluebucket

« earlier    

related tags

赤らん会  ?  01st_century  08th_century  09th_century  1210s  1215  13  13th_century  16th_century  17th_century  1860s  1868  1870s  1880s  1885  1890s  18th_century  1900s  1903  1910s  1911  1912  1919  1920s  1922  1930s  1936  1940s  1946  1948  1950  1950s  1960s  1964  1965  1966  1968  1970s  1980  1980s  1984  1990s  1992  1995  1997  1998  19th_century  2000  2000s  2005  2009  2010  2010s  2011  2012  2013  2014  2015  2016  2017  21st_century  78s  a.a._gill  abuse  aca  aclu  action  activism  actor  actress  admiration  advice  affair  african-american  agriculture  album  alec_macgillis  alistair_cooke  allan_johnson  amazon  america  american_history  american_machine  ammon_bundy  amnesty_international  amy_rose_spiegel  andrei_voznesensky  anger  anxiety  apathy  apology  architecture  archive  art  artist  attack  audio  authenticity  author  autobiography  baby  babynamewizard.com  baking  baltimore  baltimore_sun  barbara_mikulski  barbara_shapiro  bash  behavior  belief  bencarson  bigotry  bill_moyers  bill_o'reilly  billiards  biography  biology  birth_control  black  black_history  blahzay_blahzay  blog  blog65  blowhard  bob_odenkirk  book  book_reccs  book_review  books  boredom  boston  boy  brazil  budget  bus  butterfly  buzzfeed  cake  calendar  capitalism  cd  century  cep  change  chaos  character  charity  charivarius  charlotte  chart  chiaki_kawajiri  child  childhood  china  choice  christmas  chromatic  chronicle  chronology  chrystia_freeland  city  civil_rights  clip  cliven_bundy  collection  colonialism  color  colored  comedian  comedy  comic  commondreams  communication  communism  compilation  compliance  coney_island  conflict  confusion  congress  consciousness  conservative  constantine  consumerism  control  conversation  cookbook  cooking  cornbread  corruption  cowboy  crayola  crayon  crescent  crime  criticism  critique  crowd  cultural_history  culture  custom  cynicism  czech  d.c._berman  dailymotion  danger  data  datapointed.net  datapointed  dating  daughter  dawn_g._marsh  death  debate  debt  deceit  declaration  decoration  democracy  denver  depression  design  designers  destruction  development  development_economics  diary  dictator  dictatorship  director  discrimination  disguise  dissent_mag  documentary  donkey_gospel  doting  download  east_asian_studies  ebook  economic_geography  economic_history  economics  editorial  edna_st_vincent_millay  education  elderly  elena_theodorini  emergency  emily_witt  employment  emt  english  enlightenment  enthusiasm  environment  episode  epub  eric_posner  essay  estate  ethyl  evolution  execution  expansion  expert_judgment  fact  factory  failure_of_meritocracy  family  fan  fansite  fantasy  fascism  father  fc2.com  fear  feminism  fiction  filetype:pdf  film  finance  flamewar  flickr  food  for_friends  forget  fraud  freddie_gray  free  freedom_of_expression  fun  funding  futurism  galen_gibson  gallery  gary_kremen  gas  gender  gender_roles  general_motors  george_eastman  george_mcmechen  gerald_nolst_trenité  germany  ghetto  giant  girl  good_old_days_illusion  google  google_books  gordon_parks  gospel  gov._scott_walker  government  gramophones  graph  grief  hand  harassment  hasjustinelandedyet  health  healthcare  heritage  highway  hiphop  historian  historical_sociology  history  hoax  hole  housing  human_rights  humanity  hunger  idea  ideas  identity  illegal  illustration  image  imagination  immigration  imperialism  inaccuracy  inaccurate  india  industry  inequality  infographic  information  infrastructure  ingredient  ingrid_bergman  insurance  interference  international_relations  internet  interview  intimidation  invention  inventor  italy  j.t._leroy  jail  james_frey  jamie_oliver  jane_black  janet_y._chen  japan  japanese  jet  jill_lepore  jim_crow  jimmy_carter  jimmy_savile  joan_didion  john_flansburgh  john_linnell  jon_ronson  journalism  judgment  juliet_mitchell  justine_sacco  justinesacco  juzo_itami  kathleen_purvis  kodak  kurt_schmoke  la'wan_adams  la_review  labor  lack  land  lang:fr  language  larry_hogan  laura_albert  law  lawsuit  lead  lenny_bruce  lesson  letter  letter_from_america  lettersofnote  liberal  liberalism  lie  life  linguistics  list  literature  lobbying_complex  london_review_of_books  louis_theroux  louise_fitzhugh  love  lp  lrb.co.uk  lynne_segal  magna_carta  mail  male  malheur  manga  mania  manifest_destiny  manners  marie_abiko  martin_o'malley  mary_karr  mary_mcintosh  maryland  matt_taibbi  media  media_studies  medicine  memory  memory_palace  men  mentholmountains  michael_p_lynch  michael_twitty  michelle_obama  michèle_barrett  migration  milada_horáková  militia  misery  mistake  mitt_romney  mob  molasses  money  monopoly  monumenta  moon  mortgage  moses_b_cotsworth  mother  mourning  mr_show  mtv.com  mtv  mudsh4rk  music  music_classical  musician  mystery  mythology  naacp  nae_leonard  name  native  nature  ned_beauman  neighborhood  nenpyo  nervous  new_left  newsobserver.com  newspaper  newyorker  north_carolina  npr  number  nurse  nutrition  nyc  nytimes  obama_legacy  obituary  okcupid  omg  online  onomastics  op-ed  oregon  organic  organization  ozone  pace  paper  paper_moon  paradox  parasiteeve2  parenting  paris  passion  patriarchy  patrick_madden  paul_ryan  pbs  people  personality  philosophy  photo  photographer  photography  photoshop  phrase  pillory  pizza  placesjournal.org  plan_c  podcast  poem  poet  poet_laureate  poetry  poison  policy  political_psychology  political_science  politician  politics  pool  population  porch  pose  potato  poverty  power  prejudice  president  princeton  profile  pronunciation  property  protest  psychology  public-domain  public  punishment  purple-socks  quote  quotidiana  race  rachael_acks  racism  radical  radical_thinkers  radio  radiotopia  rage  ranking  rap  raw  reading  real_estate  reality  recipe  record_labels  recordings  records  recovery  red_wave_society  reference  reginasworld  regional_languages  regret  regulation  relationship  religion  repression  republican  resist  resource  reuters  revolution  rhonda_mccoy  rights  riot  roberto_rossellini  romania  ronald_reagan  ronni_lundy  rookiemag  russia  russian  s  salon  sam_biddle  sample  sarah_tomlinson  satire  scare  schedule  school  science  science_fiction  seat  secret  segregation  sekirankai  sensationalism  set  sex  shame  sheila_rowbotham  shin_fujin_kyoukai  shooting  show  simons_rock  singing  single  situationist  slavery  social_change  social_media  social_movements  socialism  society  sociology  soda  son  sorghum  soul  south_africa  southeast  soviet  special  spectrum  speed  spelling  spoiled  star  statistic  stephen_colbert  stephen_von_worley  stimulation  story  strategy  streaming  street  streetcar  stromboli  struggle  suburban  subway  success  suffrage  sugar  suicide  summer  surveillance  survey  synopsis  system  ta-nehisi.coates  takedown  takuboku_ishikawa  tampopo  tanka  tarnish  tea_party  technology  telegram  teodorescu_elena  terror  text  the_atlantic  thememorypalace.us  theory  they_might_be_giants  thomas_midgely  thought  time  timeline  tip  tmbg  to_write  todd_rokita  tomkinssquare  tompkins_square  toni_tipton_martin  tony_hoagland  torture  totalitarianism  tradition  tragedy  train  transit  transportation  travel  treason  trial  tribute  true_life  true_the_vote  truth  truthiness  tumblr  tv  tweet  twitter  u.k.  uk  united_nations  united_states_of_america  unpublished  us  us_conservative_thought  us_politics  usda  utopia  van_hammersly  velo_velociraptor  venereal_disease  verso  versobooks.com  vicious  video  vintage  visualization  vote  voter  voting  wapo  war  watchgroup  weareplanc.org  welfare  west_virginia  white  white_flight  wiki  wikipedia  winter  wisc.edu  woman  women  word  work  world  world_history  world_trends  world_war_ii  writer  writing  xkcd  yakuza  youngadult  youtube  ūman_ribu  ウーマンリブ  伊丹十三  安彦麻理絵  新婦人協会  日本語  漫画家  特別  特急  特等  生の解放  石川啄木 

Copy this bookmark: